Category Archives: PLS 323-01

TR 1415-1555
Medical Science 129

PLS 323-01

3 final items of legislature session before adjour for summer

  1. CCW in bars (guns)
  2. prior to judicial bypass for minors, ct. must quiz mother about abortion
  3. undocumented@work, injured = no BWC or unemployment (immigration)
  • 88 counties
  • 86 have county commissions, 2 have charters
  • co administrator – day to day
  • co commissioners – policy
  • hierarchy of size: county – city – township – village
  • TOWNSHIP
  • most states don’t have ts
  • arm of state govt > 15k population
  • 3 township at-large trustees
  • township clerk, most important elected official
  • may hire administrator
  • no municipal/local income tax
  • “earnings tax”
  • CITY GOVERNMENTS
  • strong mayor
    • mayor has special authority
    • “deputy mayor” runs city
    • mayor sets policy
  • city mgr
    • invented  in Cin/Day
    • mayor has less power
  • mayor’s court
  • property taxes to fund schools
  • sales taxes fund counties
  • local income tax fund local govt
  • state income tax funds state govt
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PLS 323-01

*** EXAM REVIEW ***

  • 90pts total
  • mostly m/c
  • Celeste, Voino, Taft
  • 1Q on Rhodes 2t/Celeste, near time of transition
  • may 23 SoO unemploymt, inmate thing
  • may 30 SoO inmate thing, Brunner, Montgomery
  • strong governor v. weak governor (OH has strong form)
  • DDN: race to the top, budget commission not meet
  • 34 m/c, 6 short answer
  • local govt
  • 3Q Vicki Pegg
  • 5Q county govt
  • 2Q township
  • 5Q city/municipal govt
  • 2Q Vern Riffe
  • Cathy Collins-Taylor nomination defeated for Public Safety Director
  • Tom Stickrath appointed in place
  • Betty Montgomery: home & hearth keep women out of politics
  • Jennifer Brunner: agree, would add lack of access to money
  • Vicki Pegg highlights:
  • regionalism
  • 911 dispatch
  • Indianapolis, one of first regional areas
  • another is Louisville KY
  • regionalism doesn’t work in areas with large African-Am populations < 50%
  • under-represented to begin with, would get even worse with regional govt
  • regionalism = “Metro Govt”
  • ends when AfAm represent around 50%+ of population
  • County Commission forms budgets for all countywide offices
  • 4year term on CoCom.
  • Auditor: examines gas pumps, weights & measures
  • Clerk of Ct.
  • Coroner: must be MD
  • Engineer: must have certification
  • Prosecutor: must have JD
  • Recorder: real estate deeds
  • Sheriff
  • Treasurer
  • 2 counties idfferent from other 86
  • 3 county commissioners elected countywide
  • Summit, Cuyahoga: charter form of Co govt
  • arm of state govt in other 86 co’s, can only do what state allows
  • Summit & Cuya can enact own laws
  • county council, some at district level, some at-large
  • have their own charters
  • charter counties eliminate most elective office, become appointed offices
  • commission makes policy
  • administrator actually runs the system
  • CCAO: co cmsrs assn of OH (lobbying org)
  • co cms’n has final ruling on annexation petitions
  • “best interest” “good for both govts”
  • must have vote to shift from county commission to charter
  • second vote is to accept recommendations
  • both must occur in one year
  • fails due to:
  • fear
  • tax haven
  • parties
  • politics of race
  • 3500 independent governments in OH, nearly 10X more than avg

PLS 323-01

Vern Riffe

  • Speaker of House 1975-1994
  • first elected 1958
  • from New Boston, near Portsmouth
    • (D) leaning area
  • used campaign contributions as favors & discipline
  • set the standard for pay-to-play
  • his Birthday Party
  • drinker
  • roomie was GOP leader (C. Nixon)

PLS 323-01

Final exam date TBA

1990 Voinovich/Dewine

  • Taft ran for SoS v. Sherrod Brown
  • captured apportionment board
  • Voino. very ambitious, held many statewide offices
  • 1982-1998, 1 D 1 R, both CLV
  • “do more with less, work harder & smarter”
  • Catholic
  • didn’t rule out tax/fee increases
  • got term limits in legislature passed
  • tighten ethics laws
  • frugal manager, few major accomplishments
  • 94 Dewine goes to US Senate
  • Voino. chose Nancy Hollister as LtGov
  • Jan 1998, became first female gov. for 2 weeks during transition
  • 2nd term 1996
  • School funding declared unconstitutional
  • tried to pass tax increase to address, measure failed
  • went to US Senate 1998

Bob Taft

  • multiple statewide jobs
  • very political family
  • only governor of OH to ever be convicted of crime
    • unreported golf games w. someone who had business w/ state
  • approval ratings were 15% when left office
  • one of TIME’s 3 worst governors nationwide
  • coingate
  • Tom Noe
  • BWC funding scheme, investments in rare coins
  • $50million invested, $18m skimmed off

PLS 323-01

*** STATE OF OHIO ***

Dick Celeste, 2d term

  • PL had won Dayton, Celeste chose for regional strategy
  • religious diversity
  • 60%+ win
  • Plain Dealer reporter (Maryanne Sharkey): sex scandals?
  • off-limits until ’88 Gary Hart scandal
  • PL Developmt. Director, first to have Lt.Gov and Cabinet @ same time
  • Lt.Gov: chairperson of state & local govt commission, only statutory duty
  • commuted 6-8 female death row inmates who killed husbands
  • Battered Spouse Syndrome later recognized by SCOTUS

PLS 323-01

Rhodes 2nd 8 years

  • 1974-82
  • good at governing growth, not good with decline
  • 2nd term was in decline
  • income tax did not make up job/population losses & shortfalls
  • “jobs & progress,” “no new taxes”
  • elected with small majority
  • proposed bonds for construction
  • “Blueprint for OH”
    • state office towers in every major city
    • cancer treatment center in every community
    • surgery centers
    • senior citizen centers
    • largest bond proposal ever ($5.1B interest/30yr.)
    • Celeste led opposition after being told to sit down & shut up for 4 years
    • defeated 4:1
    • Rhodes vetoed collective bargaining issues (teachers/cops/fire)
    • froze property taxes vs. real estate appreciation
      • killed school funding
    • rolled back Gilligan’s social legislation
  • Dem legislature
  • 6-Day War
    • Gilligan rammed through Dem legislation packages before inaug.
    • included congressional redistricting favorable to Dems
    • pro-union laws
    • SecState Ted Brown(R), delayed all acts that passed by not certifying
    • Vern Riffe (Speaker) signed off instead
    • Gilligan signed after Rhodes’ inaug., voided by SupCt.
  • last election where Gov/Lt.Gov could be different parties
  • Lt.Gov Celeste (D)
  • 76, Dems had vet0-proof legislature
  • OPEC embargo
    • Rhodes called in Natl Guard, closed schools
    • limited hours of electricity usage for retailers
    • Rhodes demanded people set thermostats 65deg. daytime, 55deg. night
    • all unnecessary lighting off
    • blamed Carter for embargo
  • acid rain/coal pollution
  • Celeste runs against Rhodes
  • 78 election
    • school funding key issue
      • Celeste: funding commission
      • Rhodes: keep cutting until surplus, then invest in schools
    • Rhodes won by 49k votes
    • Lt.Gov was CLV mayor (Voino, treated just as badly as Celeste)
  • rolled back all of Gilligan’s acts
  • state service fees were increased instead of taxes
  • 1980, supported tax increases
    • sin taxes
  • 1982, raised income tax 50% called it “temp surcharge”
  • 1982 election Celeste(D) v. Clarence Brown(R)
  • Springer hooker scandal
    • apologized to every single household in Cinci in person, door to door

PLS 323-01

*** NOT FOR MIDTERM ***

Gov. John Gilligan 1970-74

  • Rhodes left office under retirement fund scandal
  • congressman from Cinci
  • very aloof
  • intellectual/egghead
  • Irish Catholic
  • temper
  • spend on basic social programs in state
  • first “downhill” governor (declining state v. expanding state)
  • state tax/spend ratings: tied w/MS when elected
  • Dems swept all state offices
  • made first state income tax proposal
  • opposed WSU med school
  • closed all state parks in response to passage of med schools
  • used to blackmail in order to pass income tax
  • boosted public ed spending, making historic improvements in quality
  • responsible for first minimum wage
  • lottery
  • Dept. of Aging, senior citizens’ issues
  • 2 medical schools
  • MRDD civil rights (PL’s law)
  • institutions converted to hospitals
  • created OH EPA
  • ended strip mining
  • started cleanup of Lake Erie, Cuyahoga River
  • daughter is Kathleen Sebelius, only father/daughter governors in US history
  • runs for POTUS ’76 v. Carter
  • supported Ed Muskie v. McGovern
  • typically took state plane to vacation home, in MI (scandal!!)
  • politically tone deaf
  • passed over John Glenn for Metzenbaum in Senate
  • 1974, Rhodes defeats Gilligan 50.2%

PLS 323-01

*** Midterm review ***

30 Questions on midterm, NEXT THURSDAY

  • 20 mult choice
  • 10 short answer
  • can choose 5 q’s for double credit!
  • today is last day for exam material
  • Lausche
  • O’Neill
  • DeSalle
  • Rhodes 1st 2 terms
  • 50% of test is about governors!
  • State of OH: 3 of them
    • budget
    • Moyer tribute
    • education race to the top
  • DDN
    • March 31 budget
    • fed. stim $$$ (rail)
    • 4/25 tea party test
  • Current events
  • apportionment board

*** End review ***

CA Prop. 13eliminated property tax

  • all 50 states used to have surpluses in 50’s
  • now only 3 states have state budget surplus: ND, WY, ??
  • 20 states increased taxes
  • 17 states have tapped “rainy day fund” since 1999
    • used for education
    • capital outlays

How OH deals with deficit under Strickland:

  • reduced size of govt by eliminating unfilled positions (no $$ change)
  • hiring freeze, even for some unfilled positions
  • early retirement program (short-term cost, long-term gain)
  • accepted stimulus $$$
    • one-time cash: use to fund ongoing expenses
  • expand gambling

long-term structural problem: OH went from manufacturing to service economy, how to adjust state revenue?

  • add sales tax to services in state?
  • tax e-commerce?
  • reduced property values, so property taxes revenue falls
  • reduced employment reduces payroll tax revenue

Gov. Rhodes

  • Rhodes College
  • first 2 terms: 62-70
  • last to preside over growth & expansion
  • longest serving gov. in OH history, 4 4-yr terms
  • from Portsmouth
  • mayor of Cols
  • created “water gun diplomacy”
    • Central city will only provide municipal H2O only if suburbs annex
    • annexation grew Cols to near county borders
  • called up Nat’l Guard 44 times (various)
    • includes Kent State
  • “Jobs & Progress” 16-year campaign slogan, also “No New Taxes”
  • Social problems
    • believed jobs were a panacea for everything
    • reversed social spending, believed in jobs instead
    • build build build, bonded indebtedness
    • strongly believed in community college system
    • every county has an airport
    • no partisan “wedge issues
    • first state symbol
    • tomato juice
    • promoted state fair
  • bridge over Erie to Canada; who knew nothing about it
  • “Rhodes’ Raiders” very competitive in locating facilities in OH
  • first “International” governor
    • went to China
    • landed Honda plant
  • Black marks
    • May 4 1970, Kent State shootings
    • neglected MRDD issues
    • support for pub education fell from 40% DiSalle to 30% Rhodes
    • no interest in environmentalism
      • Cuyahoga river caught fire
      • Erie toxic waste
    • commuted death sentence of Youngstown mob boss (murder)
    • declared for US Senate in last year of term
      • primary: ran against Bob Taft Sr.

PLS 323-01

Midterm rescheduled to THURSDAY MAY 6!!

*** STATE OF OH ***

  • student at put-in-bay, class of 1 addressed by T. Moyer
  • P. Leonard was first to do this
  • Strickland appts Brown to CJ
  • Brown starts May 3

Brunner/Fisher debate

  • Fisher sought official endorsement, party objected
    • did want the endorsement
    • he says her email changed his mind
    • she did email bombs
  • final questions:
    • Brunner: explain conflicts of interest, re Development Director
    • Fisher: it’s all DC’s fault
    • Fisher: will JB endorse me if she loses
    • Brunner: address me by title, not first name; evasion

State of OH has more media markets than any other state

PL also first state econ director as LtGov

Govs to know:

  • Frank Lausche
  • Tom Herbert
  • Michael DeSalle
  • Frank Lausche
  • John Brown
  • C. William O’Neill  5’4″
    • CJ OH SupCt
    • OH House Speaker
    • AttyGen
    • Governor for 2 years
    • only person in state history to be elected to all 3 top elected offices
    • last 2-year governor of state 1956-58
    • state was booming
    • issued AttyGen opinion denying segregated school funding
    • originated idea of OH as right-to-work state (brought him down)
    • GOP was obliterated on this issue at election day
  • Michael DeSalle 5’5″

PLS 323-01

Ballot issues

  1. Third Frontier funding
  2. Casino move

Tea party head (from Spb, OH): “so many spics I feel like a speck,” currently under investigation & TRO’s

senator represents 300k-400k people, rep represents 1/3 of that

1964 SCOTUS decision on one-man-one-vote districting

Apportionment Board

  • most influential but least known political body
  • 2 from each party of each house
  • plus governor
    • D Strickland/Brown
    • R Kasich/Taylor
  • plus auditor (open seat race)
    • R Seth Morgan (TP)
    • R David Yost
    • D Pepper
  • plus secstate (open seat race)
    • R John Husted
    • R Sandra O’Brian (TP)
    • D Mary Ellen O’Shaunessy
  • redraws congressional districts after US Census
  • NOT state-level districts

state legislators

  • represent people of the district
  • policy-making
  • state budget
  • legislative oversight

committees

  • judiciary
  • banking
  • utility
  • insurance
  • interstate cooperation

caucuses

  • meeting of party members
  • BEDO: Black Elected Democrats of OH