Category Archives: ATH 241-01

80455 ATH241-01
Introduction to Biological Anthropology 4.000 M
TR 10:25 am – 12:05 pm
TBA TBA
TBA Staff

ATH 241-01

*** FINAL EXAM ***

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ATH 241-01

*** REVIEW FOR EXAM NOV 15th

Second laboratory assignment due by Nov. 6th;

Review over chapters 11, 12, 13 and 14 on Nov. 6th; and

Two article summaries are due by Nov. 13th. Assignments can be handed in before or after class, left at Millett 270 or emailed (if you email your assignments, please remember to copy and paste the text into the body of the email just in case i’m unable to open any attachments).

Terms, theories and concepts you should be familiar with for the thrid and final exam (Thursday Nov. 13) include;

Chapter 11

The complete replacement model, p. 246

Partial replacement models, p. 248

The regional continuity model, p.249

The earliest discoveries of modern humans – Africa, The Near East, Asia, Australia, Central and Western Europe

Morphology and variation in early specimens of Homo sapiens, Figure 11-3, p. 251

Quick review, p. 252 and p. 259

Cro-Magnon

Aurignacian

Figure 11-16 Cultural periods of the European upper Paleolithic and the approximate beginning dates, p. 261

Magdalenian

What’s important, p. 267

Chapter 12

Biological determinism

Eugenics

Polytypic

The concept of race, p. 272

Racism

Intelligence

Polymorphisms

Cline

Slash-and-burn agriculture

Quick review, p. 279

Lactase persistence

Population genetics

Gene pool

Endogamy

Exogamy

Stress

Homeostasis

Acclimatization

Solar radiation, vitamin D and skin color, p. 283, figures 12-6 and 12-7

Bergmann’s Rule

Allen’s Rule, p. 287

Vasodilation

Vasoconstriction

Hypoxia

Vectors

Endemic

Zoonotic, see quick review p. 294

Pathogens

Pandemic

Chapter 13

Growth

Development

Adolescent growth spurt

Other factors influencing growth and development – genetics, hormones, environmental factors

Monozygotic and dizygotic twins

Endocrine glands

Menarche

Menopause

The human life cycle – prenatal, infancy, juvenile, subadult, adult and post-reproductive

Senescence

Pleiotropic genes

Chapter 14

Neolithic

Mesolithic

Holocene

Humans and the impact of culture

The loss of biodiversity

The present crisis: our cultural heritage? – overpopulation, the greenhouse effect

Quick Review: Human population growth – p. 328

Ch11

  • date for first homo sapiens
  • late Pleistocene
  • approaches to understanding (partial/total replacement, regional continuity)
  • mtDNA
  • Earliest discoveries – know sites
  • cro-magnon, aurignacian, Kow swamp, Chatelperronian
  • “hobbit” homo floresiensis
  • magdalenian, atl-atl
  • cranial characteristics of modern humans pg251

Ch12

  • Linnaeus developed concept of race
  • Blumenbach classified races by color
  • biological determinism
  • eugenics
  • origin of term “race” 1500’s
  • cline
  • human polymorphisms (blood types)
  • gene pool
  • breeding isolates
  • stress: any factor that disrupts homeostasis
  • vasodilation/vasoconstriction
  • Bergman (Body) rule/Allen rule (Appendages)
  • zoonotic – disease transmitted by contact with nonhuman animals

Ch13

  • difference between growth & development
  • pattern of amino acids indicates that ancestral diet high in protein
  • preagricultural diet
  • 6 phases of human life cycle
  • menarche/menopause

Ch14

  • years until billions
  • paleo- meso- neo-lithic know times and features
  • holocene, pleistocene, anthropocene(?)
  • human population growth flowchart p328

ATH 241-01

*** VIDEO ***

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*** VIDEO: Stephen Jay Gould

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Subject ATH 241 things to study for the 2nd exam
From View message header detail “Jack A. Coate Ph.D.” <jack.coate@wright.edu>
Date Saturday, October 18, 2008 12:17 pm
Terms, concepts and theories you should be familiar with for the second exam (on Oct. 23rd) includes:
Chapter 7:
Behavior
Behavioral Ecology
Plasticity
Social Structure – Influenced body size, BMR, Distribution of resources, predation, relationships with other nonpredatory species, dispersal, Life History Traits, sleeping sites, activity patterns, human activities
Metabolism
Matrilines
Dominance hierarchies
Communication
Autonomic
Displays
Affiliative
Intragroup
Territories
Core area
Grooming
Altruism
Conspecifics
Estrous
Reproductive strategies
K-selected
r-selected
Sexual selection
Polyandry
Anthropocentric
Biological continuum
Chapter 8:
Hominids
Biocultural
Postcranial
Aegyptopithecus
Miocene hominoids: p.162
African forms
European Forms
Asian forms
Hominid and hominin, figure 8-7, p. 165
Mosaic evolution, figure 8-6, p.164
Bipedal locomotion and adaptations, pp. 164-167, figure 8-10, pp. 168-169
Obligate and Habitual bipedalism
Relative vs. chronometric dating, quick review p. 173
Stratigraphy and stratum
Pre-australopiths, quick review p. 178
Sahelanthropus
Orrorin
Ardipithecus
Earlier more primitive and later more derived Australopiths, pp. 179, and 183
Australopithecus
Kenyanthropus
Paranthropus, Figure 8-23, p. 184
Early Homo, p. 186
Homo
Sectorial
Sagittal crest
Plio-Pleistocene
Adaptive patterns of early African Hominids, pp. 190-191
What’s important, p. 192
Chapter 9:
Grade and Clade
Morphology of Homo erectus – brain & body size, cranial shape, pp. 198-200, Figure 9-2 p.200
Nuchal torus
Dmanisi, Georgia, pp. 202-203
Acheulian
Pleistocene
Homo erectus Finds from Indonesia, China, Europe, and quick review p. 210
Oldowan, Acheulian
Technological trends in Homo erectus, p. 211
Seeing the big picture, p. 212
What’s important, p. 214
Chapter 10:
Pleistocene – Lower (Early), Middle & Upper (Late)
Glaciations
Interglacials
Dispersal
Premodern humans of the Middle Pleistocene – Africa, Europe, Asia; quick reviews pp. 221, 224
Levallois figure 10-9, p. 226,
Neandertals (Figure 10-11 p. 229) in Western Europe, Central Europe, Western Asia and quick review p. 234
Flexed
Upper Paleolithic
Chatelperronian
Mousterian
Culture of Neandertals – technology, Subsistence, symbolic behavior, burials, Table 10.1 p. 236
Genetic evidence
Trends in Human Evolution, p. 239

Additionally, just a reminder, two (2) articles summaries are required by the end of the course, nov. 13th.

ATH 241-01

*** VIDEO: Nova – In Search of Human Origins

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*** VIDEO: PBS – Secrets of the Dead (Orrorin)

Bipedalism

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*** HANDOUT: Chimpanzee culture
*** EXAM returned: Missed Order, Meiosis, Polygenic (-4 +6 +2  52/50 = 1.04)
*** VIDEO: Kenyan baboons

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ATH 241-01

*** REVIEW FOR EXAM ***

SEE EMAIL FROM INSTRUCTOR FOR FULL LIST (Wings down, cannot currently connect)

  • Linnaeus
  • Lamarck
  • Cuvier
  • Malthus
  • Lyell
  • Darwin & Wallace
  • Differential reproductive success
  • Genotype & phenotype
  • prokaryotic & eukaryotic cells
  • nucleus, mitochondria & ribosomes
  • complementary DNA/RNA connections of AT(U) or CG
  • ATCG: (adenine thymine cytosine guanine)
  • U (uracil) takes place of T (thymine) in RNA molecule
  • somatic vs gametes
  • hormones: proteins which induce chemical reactions in the organism
  • HOX genes = Homeotic
  • directionals from handout
  • meiosis: produce somatic cells (division)
  • mitosis: produces gametes (reduction & recombination)
  • 46 chromosomes human, 48 other apes
  • Mendel: discrete traits (discontinuous)
  • homozygous vs heterozygous
  • mutation, geneflow, genetic drift, recombination
  • “rhine” classification of primates
  • sexual dimorphism
  • post-orbital bar
  • strepsirhini: dental comb, rhinarium (split, wet nose)