PLS 404-01

Objections to Singer:

  1. overstated: if no IS, doesn’t mean no OUGHT
  2. unfair: actions of others have no bearing on actions of self
  3. unrealistic: standard too high, results in less charity

Luck/comparative egalitarianism

  • inequality is sometimes unfair
    • if comparatively worse off than someone no more deserving
    • inequality bad only due to bad luck, rather than choices/actions

Equality to some degree of:

  • ex ante equality (procedural)
  • ex post equality (substantive)
  • equal prospects, not equal outcome


  1. sufficiency matters more than equality
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