PLS 347-01

test next Friday: Monetary – SS

NEW MATERIAL: NOT FOR NEXT WEEK’S EXAM

Structural attitudes toward Poverty

  • Weber: protestant ethic, spirit of capitalism
    • work hard + save = prosper
  • Calvinism, predetermination, grace, etc
  • Social Darwinism

Poverty = dollar values

  • AgDept: basket of food items X3 = poverty level
  • $10.5K single
  • $14k couple
  • $17-18k 1 child
  • $22.5 family of 4

theories of poverty

  • Conservative
    • individual focus, individual’s fault
  • Liberal
    • societal factors, discrimination, etc

programs

  • FDR: AFDC (orig. widows & orphans fund)
    • handled by states
    • 1960s New Frontier, Great Society, “war on poverty”
      • federal matching funds
      • 1964 Medicaid
      • food stamps
      • CETA/JTPA
      • Nixon: SSI
    • 1980s
      • Jobs Oppty Act
      • work reqs
      • job training
      • child care
      • support enforcement
  • Clinton: 1996 reforms
    • AFDC becomes TANF
    • categorical grants moved to block grants
    • 5 year limit, 2 year continuous

categorical grant v. block grant

  • categorical
    • specific
    • DC programs, designates & allocates money
    • oversight/admin increases bureaucracy
    • fed. officials take credit
  • block
    • general purpose
    • state programs, designates & allocates money
    • oversight/admin increases bureaucracy
    • state officials take credit

 

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