PLS 347-01

NAFTA – mx, us, ca

WTO -> GATT

  • enforcement
  • sovereignty
  • internat’l bureaucrats
  • investor protections

Metalclad v. Mexico

  • MX creates ex post-facto protected area from toxic waste removal
  • Metalclad had prior investor rights
  • environmental protection v. trade
  • WTO ruled against MX

Tuna/dolphin case, turtle/shrimp

  • Marine Mammal Protection Act
  • “purse seine”
  • laws don’t have extraterritoriality
  • cannot discriminate because of processing method
  • Endangered species act
  • TED (turtle escape device)

Social Security

  • FDR 30’s
  • old age pensions
  • unemployment
  • taxing & spending clause
  • Stewart Machine v. Davis
  • Helvering v. Davis
  • survivor 1939
  • disability 1957
  • health care 1964 (Medicare)

 

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