PLS 454-01

*** GUEST SPEAKER MONDAY ***

Regime types and political Islam

  • autocracy
    • monarchy
    • military
    • party
  • democracy
    • presidential
    • parliamentary
    • mixed

state/govt/society, sliding scale:  autocracy <——|——> democracy

Regime characteristics:  http://www.polisci.ccsu.edu/brown/regime_types.htm

Freedom House map: degrees of freedom

Why persistent authoritarianism?

  • weak civil society
    • lack of entrepreneur/middle class
  • economic statism
    • rentier states
  • poverty
    • illiteracy
  • culture
    • Islam compatible? yes and no, opinion varies
  • coercive apparatus (strong state)
    • coup-proofing: political-military arrangements
      • parallel militaries to balance regular forces
      • internal security agencies (Mukhabarat, Revolutionary Guard)
      • exploit family, ethnic, religious royalties

civil society

  • degree if self-generated, volutary associations organizes in society but outside state control
  • necessary but not sufficient cause, correlating with democratization in dev. countries
  • groups’ existence and function deters state power and increases participation, info & accountability

elements of civil society

  • student movements
  • political parties
  • professional assoc
  • issue orgs
    • womens rights, minority rights, human rights, environment, anti-war etc
  • independents media

early liberal movements

  • EG
    • Young Egyptian Party (1930s)
      • territorial nationalism
      • anti-traditional
  • TR
    • Cmte for Union & Progress (“Young Turks” 1908)
  • IR
    • constitutional revolution 1906
    • 1st constitution & parliament (majlis)

 

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