PLS 454-01

rise of Arab nationalism

  • nation: “imagined community” which seeks self-determination and autonomy
    • limited: “finite if elastic boundaries beyond which lie other nations
    • “the gage and emblem of a free nation is the sovereign state”
  • “the absence of a state has not been a barrier to nationalist imaginings, but…all these groups are adamantly, vociferously desirous of a state”

Sati’ al-Husri

  • ex-Ottoman official turned theorist and advocate of Arab nationalism (1920’s)
  • Germany’s Prussian model of nationalism, in which individual’s national affiliation is inevitable and predetermined

Arab League

  • 1945
  • created PLO 1964
  • HQ: Cairo

Baath Party (1947)

  • Founded by Michel Aflaq
  • renaissance
  • resurrection
  • came to power, Syria & Iraq (1963)

Gamal Abd’al Nasser

  • led free officer’s coup in EG (1952)
    • anti-colonial nationalism
    • Arab socialism
    • pan-Arabism

Pan-Arabism

  • United Arab Republic
  • Arab Federation of Iraq & Jordan

May 30 1967

  • “The armis of EG JO SY & LB are posed on the borders of IL…to face the challenge, while standing behind usare the armies of IQ AG KW SD and the whole Arab nation. This act will astound the world. Today the Arabs are arranged for battle, the critical hour has arrived. We have reached the stage of serious action and not of more declarations.” — Nasser

Fall of Arab nationalism (1963 – 1991)

  • UAR failure
  • Arab Cold War (YM)
  • 6 Day War, 1967

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