ATH 448-01

artifact interpretation

Artifact #1

  • beads
  • stopper
  • human face figure
  • calabash (baobab fruit)
    • shape = femininity?
    • container
    • medicinal?
    • ceremonial/religious?
  • cow’s horn
  • purse/bag/sachet
  • hole in horn

Actual: medicine bottle, traditional fertility

Artifact #2

  • serrated metal blade
  • decoration
  • multiposition, foldable
  • carved from single piece of wood
  • easy to grasp

Actual: coconut opener/stripper

Artifact #3

  • phallic shape
  • human form
  • ergonomic design
  • weapon?
  • chisel?
  • pestle?
  • decoration or toy?
  • ritual object?

Actual: paternal effigy of spirituality/fertility

BEGIN NOTES

what is a theory?

  • colloquial definition
    • theory v. fact
    • theorize or simply present data
  • explanations for cultural phenomena, supported by reliable body of data
  • collection of general linkages betw different kinds of data
  • framework to organize data
  • can be synthesis of various info

modern biology: evolution is theory

  • reliable idea about change in biota on Earth
  • supported by wide variety of data
    • molecular biochemistry (DNA)
    • genertics
    • observable & measurable tendencies in living organisms (nat.sel.)
    • geology
    • fossil record

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