ATH 352-01

  • 1/2 mya fossil evidence for chimps (545k, Kenya)
  • Ardi, closest to last common ancestor
  • bipedality, language are only true markers of human uniqueness
  • length of pharynx: resonating chamber for laryngeal sounds
    • long: human
    • short: chimp
  • basocranial flexure
    • =90° human, >90° chimp

behavioral similarities

  • hunting
  • tool use
  • cultural diversity

biological similarities

  • susceptibility to human disease
    • alcohol metabolism
    • atherosclerosis
    • measles, polio, ebola
      • Ebola killed 88% chimps in Gabon, 143 W. Lowland Gorillas
  • zoonotic disease: SIVcpz ->HIV

endangered primates

  • threats to survival
    • human disease
    • shooting as crop pests
    • hunting/poaching (bushmeat, medicine, trophies)
    • pet trade, research labs
    • political conflicts
      • 80% of Eastern lowland gorillas in Congo killed
    • habitat destruction (deforestation)
      • farming and ranching
      • logging
        • orang population drops by 50%
      • road construction
      • mining (coltan, etc)
      • fire

conservation efforts

  • intl orgs & laws
    • WWF, UN-GRASP
    • CITES
  • parks, reserves, sanctuaries
  • ecotourism
  • zoos
    • education
    • partners in conservation
      • Rwanda, DRC, Uganda (Virunga border) conservation partnership

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