ATH 352-01

types of intelligence

  • technological
    • nest building
    • tool manufacture & use
      • composite tools
    • imitation of human object use
  • conceptual
    • learning sets
    • self-recognition
      • mirror self-recog. test
    • foresight
    • innovation
      • Imo – Koshima

types of intelligence

  • symbolic
    • mathematical symbols
      • Bobby, Sheba, Ai
    • scale models
    • linguistic symbols
      • Washoe & Sarah (chimp)
      • Kanzi (bonobo)
      • Koko (gorilla)
      • Chantek (orang)

communication

  • multimodal
    • scnet
    • posture
    • gesture
    • volcalization

social intelligence

  • play: dev. of social intel
    • communication
    • experimentation
    • social integration
  • recognition of others’ social relationships
    • redirected aggression (vervets)
  • intentional deception
    • hide instinctive behavioral responses
    • deceive others about food, predator calls as distractions, reconciliation
      • “Machiavellian” intel
    • furtive mating

Social intel (cont’d)

  • deliberate calculation of others’ actions
    • track past affiliative & agonistic behavior
      • sharing, grooming rewarded
        • capuchin cooperation, chimps meat-sharing
  • conflict resolution & reconciliation
    • valuable relation hypothesis (deWaal)
    • approach, embrace, kiss, mutual grooming
  • theory of mind
    • know what others are thinking
    • Menzel: knower & deceiver

cultural traditions

  • cultural primatology
    • McGrew et al
  • regional behavioral diversity
    • social transmission of behavior
      • tool use variation
      • vocalization dialecgts
      • hunting tech
      • complex tools (Goualougo Triangle)
    • tradition
      • not dependent on language

Frans DeWaal: the age of empathy

  • empathy
    • Binti Jua (fem gorilla) rescues boy
    • zoo chimp jumps into water to save infant, drowns
    • Kakowet (M bonobo) notified keepers of young in moat
    • consolation of distressed individuals by chimps
    • lab capuchin assists another to get food
      • no self-reward

 

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