PLS 315-01

mid-19th cent political affiliations

  • Republicans
    • N evangelicals
    • AfAm
    • evangelism/abolition
    • Jews
    • party that defeated the South; “party of Lincoln”
  • Democrats
    • S evangelicals
    • catholics
    • misc. protestant
      • non-abolitionists
      • oppose govt-driven moral reforms
    • Yankee aggressors

evangelicals

  • moral zeal
    • xtian nation mission
    • conversion = transformation of society
    • anti-catholic
    • slavery
    • moral reform
  • income disparities

some partisan cross-pollination over temperance movement

  • alcohol becomes “family values” issue
    • anti-Irish/Catholic (generally anti-immigrant)
    • classism
    • alcoholism stereotyping
    • “home protection”
  • temperance eventually morphs into prohibitionist movement
    • methodists take point on prohibition movement
    • baptists, presbyterians bring up the rear
    • “teetotalers”
      • united-front evangelical coalition (North, South)
        • best approach? conversion v. legislation
        • legislation gradually takes precedence
        • culminates in 18th amendment

Theological divisions among evangelicals

  • process of secularization
  • inerrancy of the bible
    • literal word of god
    • inspired but not literal
  • secular literary criticism (biblical interpretations)
  • scientific advances
    • Darwin
    • astronomy
    • earth science
  • origin of fundamentalists
    • bible is standard of |truth|
      • reject competing truth claims
  • atheists become newly relevant
  • some find ways to blend religion & science
    • biblical inerrancy go bye-bye
    • bible is “inspired” not literal
    • social action becomes central to faith

evangelical split

  • conservatives assume evangelical identity
    • primarily manifest in the South
    • Democrats
  • moderates (later “Mainline”)
    • North, Midwest
    • Republicans
  • radicals = small subset of moderates

Scopes Trial: 1925

  • Wm. Jennings Bryan for biblical view
  • Clarence Darrow for evolutionary view
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