PLS 315-01

Shifts in voting patterns; religious affiliation

  • substantive
    • theological views
  • compositional
    • group composition
      • basic demographic stats
  • affiliation gap
  • culture wars polarization
  • attendance gap (modern phenomenon)

1800 election: Jefferson v. Adams

  • Democratic Republican party (TJ)
    • religious liberty for all
    • no state establishment
    • equality
    • base: “common-folk,” poor
      • ev. Baptists
      • ev. Methodists
    • TJ accused of being “French infidel,” “atheist”
  • Federalist party (JA)
    • supports old state-established churches
    • base viewed as elitist/hierarchical
      • Anglicans/Episcopalians
      • Congregationalists (Puritans)

1828 election: Jackson v. Adams

  • Democrats (AJ)
    • radical egalitarian
    • religious freedom
    • earliest populist candidate, appeals to “new evangelicals”
      • Methodists
      • Baptists
  • Whigs – formerly Federalists (JQA)
    • traditionalist
    • elite
    • establishment
    • Congregationalists/Episcopalians

1833: last state-sponsored church (MA, congregational/Puritan) eliminated

Liturgical systems v. evangelical systems

  • personal liberty
  • opposition to temperance
  • Liturgy (sacramental)
    • Catholic
    • Episcopal
    • Lutheran
  • use govt to promote moral reform
  • alcohol/slavery
  • Evangelism (aka pietists)
    • Baptists
    • Methodists
    • Congregationalist (some)
    • Presbyterian (some)

Catholic immigration

  • theological disagreements; papal authority
  • seen as foreigners
  • cheap labor
  • factory work
  • urban poor
  • 1820 – 200k
  • 1850 – 1.5 million
  • 1860 – 3 million
  • 1900 – 10 million
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