PLS 370-A01

yesterday’s presentation: humanitarian norms

does westphalian system promote or suppress freedoms?

class: critiques of Westphalian system

  • CT attempts to ID sources of domination, etc.
  • seeks to promote progressive alternatives conducive to global freedom & justice
    • acid rain?
    • non-renewable resources?
    • national?
    • regional?
    • intl?
  • political communities: exclusionary v. inclusionary
  • power, authority, territory, loyalty all centered upon sov. state
  • de-center the state
  • de-naturalize the state
  • ethical particularism leading to exclusion
  • state shapes interpersonal bonds & moral obligations
  • certain ethical obligations are considered due to co-citizens, but not to all humanity
  • when universalistic rights are available to all, these are secondary
  • restore notion of ideal human community on global level
  • state represents limited moral community
    • legitimizes war
    • promotes exclusion
  • national boundaries
    • should not be considered as morally significant
    • should not be used to justify violations of norms or justice against culturally diverse others
    • respect differences
  • reflect changing world orders
  • need to move to more open, inclusive forms
  • replace Westphalia with cosmopolitan structures of global governance
  • humans (not citizens) need to treat each other as free and equal
  • moral/legal/political principles shd be universalized
  • disconnect link between sovereignty and political association
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