PLS 370-A01

Economic Structuralism

  • context/structure = capitalist world system
  • anarchical
    • functional: helps sustain system
    • impossible to sustain capitalism w/o anarchy

Marx

  • politics, culture, religion = superstructure
  • economics = basis

Hobson

  • British
  • attempted to explain imperialism
    • political/econ control
  • imperialism provides important outlet for surplus products of cap. economy
  • colonies
    • cheap raw materials
    • cheap labor
    • captive markets for surplus product

Lenin

  • modified Marx, borrowed heavily from Hobson
  • asks how does cap. survive?
    • Capitalism: the Hishest Stage of Capitalism
    • escapes destruction via imperialism
    • imperialism: natural result of cap.
    • colonizing countries developed faster than non-colonizing
    • divided world into rich/poor
    • uneven development
  • how does cmnst. revolution take place in backward countries?
  • how to explain uneven developmt?

Gramsci

  • adds culture to analysis as source of leadership
  • invented term “hegemony”
    • leadership exercised by dominant class
    • has 2 bases:
      • consent (should be primary recourse)
      • coercion (means of last resort)
  • social class

Dependency theory

  • Andre Gunder-Frank
  • Latin America
  • interdependence is misleading notion
    • asymmetrical relationships
    • fosters dependence of South on North
    • Development of Underdevelopment
      • development of N caused underdev. of S
    • mechanisms of domination
    • exogenous v. endogenous factors
      • colonialism, neocolonialism
  • core/North/EDC’s v. periphery/South/LDC’s
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