PLS 370-A01

Liberalism

  • Ricardo’s comparative advantage
  • state and non-state actors taken into account
  • diplomacy rather than conflict
  • intermestics
  • human security includes:
    • national interests
    • global interests
    • personal interests
    • (all affect humans, therefore human security)
  • institutions
  • functionalism
  • David Mitrany (father of func.)
  • integration
    • state cooperation in technical/functional areas (“low politics”)
      • non-controversial issues lead to cooperation in controversial
      • “spillover effect”
    • gradually erodes state sovereignty in favor of cooperation
  • EU example of this, began with ECSC, then EEC, then EC to EU
    • closest to being a supranational org
  • neofunctionalism
    • spillover not automatic
    • every push for integration must be promoted by leaders
    • otherwise inertia
  • “peace by pieces”
  • learning process emphasized
    • Ernst Haas
  • optimistic
  • sees more cooperation that conflict, emphasizes common goals, intl politics a variable sum gamerather than zero sum
  • focuses on intl society and interdependence
  • intl institutions becoming more imp’t — facilitates collective security (alt to bal. of pwr) brings countries togetherto establish rules for the peaceful settlement of disputes, creating a preponderance of power t punish aggressor,

prisoner’s dilemma

liberals: P.D. only happens once, then association builds trust

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