REL 340-02

“Alms-collectors”

  • Bhikkhu: male monk
  • Bhiksu: nun

canon formation, age of Ashoka

  • authoritative scriptures
  • foundational
  • teachings of founding figure
  • often secondhand narratives
  • 3 council meetings: Pali canon
    • In Pali language
    • often begins “Thus have I heard…”
    • first: 3 mos. after Buddha’s death
    • 500 monks
    • first two “baskets” of three: tri-pittaka
      • sutra-pittaka
        • sermons of the Buddha
        • some miscellany
      • vinaya pittaka
        • monastic rules
      • abhidharma-pittaka
        • likely came later

Vinaya Pittaka

  • 3 refuges
    • Buddha
    • Dharma
    • Sangha
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