PHL 472-01


  1. By definition to be naturalistic means to be concerned with this-worldly explanations: T
  2. By definition to be empirical is to base conclusions on logical reasoning: F
  3. Most but not all science sees generalized conclusions: F
  4. Social science is concerned with interaction and mutual influences of humans and/or assemblages of humans: T
  5. By def, the study of history can never be a social science: F
  6. A philosophical approach can be used to examine the knowledge claims of social science: F
  7. a philosophical approach can be used to examine ethical issues raised by social science research: T
  8. Harriet Martineau wrote a book on the empirical observation of human behavior: T
  9. Martineau argued that obeservation should be systematic, not casual: T
  10. Martineau argued that cultural traits should be studied in experimental-like isoloation: F
  11. Martineau argued that when research is done properly, social science answers cease to be tentative and become permanent “established facts” : F
  12. Sun Tzu named his work Art of War in hopes that the title would sell well: F
  13. Sun Tzu lived at about the same time as Socrates and Plato: T
  14. Sun Tzu rejected an intrumentalist approach: F
  15. Sun Tzu fails to look at the interplay of social, psychological economic and political factors: F
  16. Ibn Khaldun wanted to develop a science of history: T
  17. Ibn Khaldun argued for mono-causality and rejected multi-causality: F
  18. The ancient Greeks believed that all things in nature had a telos and thus developed in a particular direction: T
  19. Ancient Greek thought was “cyclical” asserting that advance was followed by decline: T
  20. The ancient Greeks believed that tribal societies could never develop into advanced city-states (like Athens): F


notes winter 2010

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