REL 340-02

lingam & yoni: aniconic symbolic representation (yoni=vagina, lingam=phallus)

Sati: Yonipitha “seat of the yoni”

Shiva-Rudra

Sati becomes Parvati (reincarnation in some traditions)

  • daughter of the mountain
  • destined to produce Shiva’s child (to defeat demon Taraka)
  • Shiva’s son: Karttikeya aka Skanda
  • Shiva’s son: Ganesha (lord of the Ganas [celestial soldiers] — NOT gunas)

Shakti: principle of feminine energy

Fused representations: Ardha|nari|shvara (half-woman-god)

Shiva = Pashupati (lord of the animals)

general goddess traits:

  • maya
  • lila
  • prakriti
  • shakti

independent goddess traits:

  • all of above, PLUS
  • shakti most significant force in universe
  • Shaktas: independent goddess worshippers

Durga, Kali

 

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