REL 340-02

  • Lila (divine play: key feature of Krishna’s personality in Puranas)
  • reality is Maya: cosmic illusion
  • Gopis: cowherd women & girls (Krishna’s village “groupies”)
    • represent bhakti
    • Radha becomes Krishna’s favorite
      • ideal devotee
      • becomes elevated to goddess status
        • human: parakiya
        • goddess: svakiya

Shiva

  • not associated with dharma
  • associated with asceticism & moksha
    • production of internal fire/heat (tapas)
  • forests, mtns, animal skins for clothing
  • lingam: mark (phallic symbol)
  • Sati: “good woman”
    • daughter of Daksa, god of sacrifice
    • graddaughter of Brahma, creator god
    • Daksa = Brahma’s son (Vedic)
  • Parvati: born of the mountain
    • daughter of Mt. Meru
      • analogous to Olympus
  • Dravidian origin, later becomes associated with Vedic deity Rudra (Aryan)
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