REL 340-02

*** VIDEO: Altar of Fire ***

  • only woman involved in Yagya ceremony is the sacrificer’s wife
  • Thags “thug”
  • Siva, Kali

Upanishads

  • last part of Vedic canon
  • 600-400BCE
  • AKA Vedanta (Veda + anta [meaning “end”])
  • essence of Veda
  • svarga = heaven
  • upholds rita (cosmic order)
  • moksha/liberation from samsara/rebirth
    • samsara: mystery doctrine, where did it come from?
    • linked to karma/action
    • sum/result of knowledge and experience
  • permanent, eternal reality:
    • Brahman (“being” itself — word has no gender, is neuter)
    • Atman (“self”)
  • Yajnavalkya wrote “big forest” upanishad (Brihad/aranyaka = big/forest)
    • probably the oldest upanishad
    • oldest references to karma & rebirth
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