ATH 346-01

Islam

  • before 622 CE
    • Judaism & Christianity spread
    • older polytheistic religion
  • Mecca & Medina
    • mercantile center
    • pilgrimage center

Muhammed

  • one god – Tauhid
    • equivalent to Judeo-christian god
  • prophet
    • equivalent to biblical prophets
    • last of 124,000
  • orthopraxy: righteous actions
    • proclamation of faith
    • worship
    • alms
    • fasting
    • pilgrimage

Islam — commonalities

  • lack of priesthood
    • anyone can go on path to knowledge & salvation
    • direct unmediated relationship to god
  • egalitarian emphasis
  • Ummah – community
    • must remain undivided

Muhammed

  • Khalifa was successor
  • Jihad: reform, personal endeavor, conquest
    • military: lesser Jihad
    • personal struggle with faith & society “greater Jihad”
  • Ulema: learned ones
    • Sharia: “Ways”
    • quest to obey god’s will
    • Sunnah & Quran
  • Sufi tradition
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