PLS 222-01


  • nation: group with shared experiences, culture, religion, traditions, etc (not necessarily a state)
  • nationalism/patriotism/xenophobia

Nationally divided states

  • EU: nationalism then state building
  • USA: simultaneous nationalism & state building

Popular sovereignty


19th century: end of empires Austro-Hungarian, Ottoman empires

surge of nationalism

20/21 century

strife due to nationalism

nations w/o states

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