PLS 466-01

  • post-colonial history, recent establishment of state structures
  • Nepalese Gurkhas
  • India/ Hindustan/Akhand Bharat
  • 1947 British left India, 1950 constitution adopted, first election 1952
  • India independence: MK Ghandi, JL Nehru
    • party formed 1885: Indian Natl Congress (INC)
  • Two-Nation Theory
  • Pakistan independence 1948: Mohamed Ali Jinnah, Ayub Khan
  • half of Pakistan’s history: military rule
  • Bangladesh was originally East Pakistan
  • “emergency” declared
  • separated from Pakistan 1971
  • 1973 first Pakistani constitution
  • Father of Bangladesh: Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
  • Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (PPP Pakistan Peoples’ Party, president of Pakistan, Benazir’s father)
  • 1971 Bangladesh invaded by W. Pakistan, refugee crisis caused India to invade, sparked Indo-Pak war
  • Pakistani slogan: “Bread, clothes and houses”
  • 1948: first Indo-Pak war over Kashmir
  • 1965: 2nd
  • 1971: cold war
  • Sri Lanka factions: Tamils (Hindu, northern minority) v Sinhalese (Buddhist majority)
  • language restrictions: civil service exams in Sinhalese
  • established quotas for bureaucracy, education, limiting Tamil participation
  • LTTE: Liberation Tigers for Tamil E.    homeland
  • 1962: Indo-China war
  • RAW: India Research & Analysis Wing
  • ISI: Pak Inter-Services Intelligence
  • MPRF: Nepali party
  • Madhesis: Nepali plains-dwellers
  • Youth Communist League (and there are 2 Comm. parties in Nepal)

Lee’s thesis

  • E Asian “miracle economies”
  • Asian “tigers”

Sen: refers to distribution

  • ** Discussion of readings ***
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