CST 241-04

*** VIDEO: Lord of the Dance (Hindu/xtian/Yoruba)

very little dance in xtianity: sexual overtones, mind-body dualism (deny the body in worship)
Yoruba dance: honors ancestors
Hindu dance: symbolizes people falling in love/sexuality (body & soul work together)

Culture Change: past, present, future…

cultural dynamism

  • modes of culture change
    • innovation
    • diffusion
    • transculturation
      • westernization
      • modernization
      • urbanization
      • industrialization
      • globalization
  • 100% American
    • Nanda & Warms: 89

Western Hegemony

  • Europe & N.America after 1400
    • expansion, imperialism, colonialism
      • Guns, Germs & Steel, Diamond 1996
    • industrialization and development of wealth
  • culture change experiences in nonwestern societies
    • colonialism & slavery: forced change
      • Berlin Conference of 1894 – Africa
      • economic motive, political domination
    • voluntary change: deliberate westernization
      • Manus Island: Margaret Mead
    • destruction
      • American indian societies
      • Tasmanians
    • global warming effects today

Current Status

  • most nonwestern societies
    • now independent
      • Haiti
        • Toussaint l’Overture slave revolt in 1804
        • restitution to France for loss of slaves – 100 years
    • underdeveloped
      • World Bank, IMF
      • multinational corps: United Fruit Co.
      • migration
      • population pressures
      • political instability
        • wars, ethnic conflicts

Religion and culture change

  • religious syncretism
    • Haitian Vodoun
    • Native American Church
  • religious resistance
    • millenarian movements
      • Melanesia: cargo cults
    • messianic movements
      • Twelver Shiites: al Mahdi
    • vitalistic movements
      • Rastafarian religion
    • nativistic movements
      • Ghost Dance

theoretical approach

  • post-modernism
    • reaction to history of anthropology
      • ethnographics supported colonialism
      • but also advocacy for oppressed peoples
        • Peru: Vicos project among Quecha (Cornell U.)
    • deconstruction of old cultural interpretations
      • modernization & development
      • old ethnographies have western bias
      • must give voice to poor & oppressed

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