CST 241-04

test grade: 90% (45 raw score)

Marriage and Family

Marriage

  • definition
    • cultural variations
    • cultural rules regarding establishment of family
  • functions
    • control sexual access
    • care for and socialize children
    • link affinal relatives
    • exchange goods and services
  • culture
    • determines structure and function of family

Cultural rules

  • selection of spouse
    • exogamy/endogamy
      • incest taboos
    • individual choice / arranged marriage
      • romantic love
  • exchange
    • bride service
    • bride price
    • dowry

Cultural Rules

  • monogamy
  • polygamy
    • polyandry
    • polygyny
      • levirate – in case of spouse death, wife marries dead husband’s brother
      • sororate – in case of spouse death, husband marries dead wife’s sister

Cultural Rules

  • family structure
    • nuclear
    • extended
  • residence
    • neolocal
    • patrilocal/matrilocal
  • divorce

Marriage as adaptation

  • female husband in W. Africa
    • women’s status
  • Nayar marriage in E. India
    • land owning/warrior caste
    • matrilineal household
    • two rituals of marriage
      • tying of tali
      • Midwife fee payment

Children

  • int’l rights of children
  • domestic violence
    • cultural defense
  • war
    • child soldiers
    • civiilian injuries, death
  • slavery
    • sex trade
  • poverty
    • life chances
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