CST 241-04

*** SYLLABUS ***

introduction to cultural anthropology

  • general ed
  • writing intensive

scientific study of culture

  • language
  • family
  • subsistence & econ
  • politics
  • religion
  • art

Nonwestern

  • Asia
  • Africa
  • Latin America
  • Middle East
  • Locate regions and countries on maps

Culture

  • pattern of learned beliefs and behaviors (values, norms, standards)
  • shared by most members of specific society
    • subcultures
  • way of life
  • variation

functions of culture

  • adaptation
    • plasticity & diversity
    • cultural ecology
  • organization & understanding
    • codifying reality
    • ethnoscience
  • meaning
    • symbols
    • interpretive anthropology

More about culture

  • Culture change
    • diffusion
    • transculturation
  • ethnocentrism ≠ cultural relativism
  • real & ideal culture

Doing cultural anthropology

  • ethnography
    • fieldwork
    • participant-observation
    • emic approach (assume the POV)
    • etic approach (explain the POV)
  • culture shock
  • ethnology
    • cross-cultural comparison

Theoretical approaches

  • 19th century cultural evolution
    • Tylor, Morgan
    • Universal culture – developmental stages
  • American historical particularism
    • Boas
    • Cultures unique – history, context
  • Functionalism
    • Malinowski
    • cultural institutions meet human ends
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