ATH 241-01

*** REVIEW FOR EXAM NOV 15th

Second laboratory assignment due by Nov. 6th;

Review over chapters 11, 12, 13 and 14 on Nov. 6th; and

Two article summaries are due by Nov. 13th. Assignments can be handed in before or after class, left at Millett 270 or emailed (if you email your assignments, please remember to copy and paste the text into the body of the email just in case i’m unable to open any attachments).

Terms, theories and concepts you should be familiar with for the thrid and final exam (Thursday Nov. 13) include;

Chapter 11

The complete replacement model, p. 246

Partial replacement models, p. 248

The regional continuity model, p.249

The earliest discoveries of modern humans – Africa, The Near East, Asia, Australia, Central and Western Europe

Morphology and variation in early specimens of Homo sapiens, Figure 11-3, p. 251

Quick review, p. 252 and p. 259

Cro-Magnon

Aurignacian

Figure 11-16 Cultural periods of the European upper Paleolithic and the approximate beginning dates, p. 261

Magdalenian

What’s important, p. 267

Chapter 12

Biological determinism

Eugenics

Polytypic

The concept of race, p. 272

Racism

Intelligence

Polymorphisms

Cline

Slash-and-burn agriculture

Quick review, p. 279

Lactase persistence

Population genetics

Gene pool

Endogamy

Exogamy

Stress

Homeostasis

Acclimatization

Solar radiation, vitamin D and skin color, p. 283, figures 12-6 and 12-7

Bergmann’s Rule

Allen’s Rule, p. 287

Vasodilation

Vasoconstriction

Hypoxia

Vectors

Endemic

Zoonotic, see quick review p. 294

Pathogens

Pandemic

Chapter 13

Growth

Development

Adolescent growth spurt

Other factors influencing growth and development – genetics, hormones, environmental factors

Monozygotic and dizygotic twins

Endocrine glands

Menarche

Menopause

The human life cycle – prenatal, infancy, juvenile, subadult, adult and post-reproductive

Senescence

Pleiotropic genes

Chapter 14

Neolithic

Mesolithic

Holocene

Humans and the impact of culture

The loss of biodiversity

The present crisis: our cultural heritage? – overpopulation, the greenhouse effect

Quick Review: Human population growth – p. 328

Ch11

  • date for first homo sapiens
  • late Pleistocene
  • approaches to understanding (partial/total replacement, regional continuity)
  • mtDNA
  • Earliest discoveries – know sites
  • cro-magnon, aurignacian, Kow swamp, Chatelperronian
  • “hobbit” homo floresiensis
  • magdalenian, atl-atl
  • cranial characteristics of modern humans pg251

Ch12

  • Linnaeus developed concept of race
  • Blumenbach classified races by color
  • biological determinism
  • eugenics
  • origin of term “race” 1500’s
  • cline
  • human polymorphisms (blood types)
  • gene pool
  • breeding isolates
  • stress: any factor that disrupts homeostasis
  • vasodilation/vasoconstriction
  • Bergman (Body) rule/Allen rule (Appendages)
  • zoonotic – disease transmitted by contact with nonhuman animals

Ch13

  • difference between growth & development
  • pattern of amino acids indicates that ancestral diet high in protein
  • preagricultural diet
  • 6 phases of human life cycle
  • menarche/menopause

Ch14

  • years until billions
  • paleo- meso- neo-lithic know times and features
  • holocene, pleistocene, anthropocene(?)
  • human population growth flowchart p328
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