ATH 241-01

***HANDOUTS: Anatomical terminology, dentition ***

Change to syllabus: #2 Happy Birthday Linnaeus — move to Week 3

  • traditional, pre-molecular, paraphyletic
  • Cladistics influenced, molecular/morphological, monophyletic
  • Evolution and faith-based alternatives
  • evolution is highly misunderstoof
  • not necessarily mutually exclusive
  • unnecessary controversy
  • w/o evolution, nothing in biology makes sense
  • “Evolution is just a theory” just like Gravity
  • Pre-evolutionary people & ideas

  • scala naturae or “great chain of being”; organisms were immutable, ie fixity of species and seen as types or essences
  • other cultures had ideas of biological change but no cohesive mechanism or theory
  • 1492 new world discovered by Europeans
  • later trans-Atlantic voyages revealed incredible biodivserity
  • Copernicus, 1514
  • TOO DAMN FAST, CANNOT KEEP UP WITH NOTES

    Pre-evolutionary figures

  • Ray (1627-1705)
  • Linnaeus (1707-1778)
  • Buffon (1707-1788)
  • Erasmus Darwin (1731-1802, Darwin’s grandfather)
  • Lamarck (1744-1829)
  • Cuvier (1769-1832)
  • Malthus (1766-1834)
  • Lyell (1797-1875)</li
  • Mary Anning (1799-1847)
  • Discovery of Natural Selection

  • Darwin @Beagle
  • Wallace independently developed
  • 1838 Darwin reads Malthus
  • 1855 Wallace’s publication prompts Darwin to publish
  • 1858 both papers read @ Linnaean society
  • 1859, TOS published
  • Gregor Mendel (1822-1884) genetics
  • Key concepts

  • Ontogeny
  • Phylogeny
  • genotype
  • gene flow
  • mutation
  • morphology
  • anagenesis
  • micro/macro evolution
  • sexual selection
  • artificial selection
  • Types of reproduction

  • K-selected
  • R-selected
  • Reading

  • Shermer
  • Weiner
  • Rennie
  • Alters & Alters
  • human dental formula: 2-1-2-3

    ATH241-ch2

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