CST 232-B01

***syllabus ***

Books not strictly necessary

Grading scale:
A 90-100
B 80-89
C 65-79
D 50-64

  • Nonwestern: not monotheism (Abrahamic religions)
  • a personal creator, law-giving deity not found in nonwestern religions
  • not “modern” western (go back 2500 years)
  • What will we deal with?

  • Shamanism (goes back 35k-50k yrs)
  • Hinduism
  • Buddhism
  • Confucianism
  • Taoism
  • Zen
  • Worldviews

  • a worldview is a system of concepts, beliefs, images & metaphors which form and inform the life and culture of a people. It is responsible for aspirations and inspirations, orientations & institutions. It has consequences both detrimental and beneficial. It is not necessarily true.
  • Concept: any understanding whatsoever
  • Percept: any experience whatsoever
  • Third person experiences: shared experience among two or more people
  • First-person experience: subjective personal experience confined to the individual
  • when interpreting, we employ concepts>/li>


  • started as sun-wheel, became stylized
  • in Hinduism, symbol of Ganesh (remover of obstacles)
  • Buddhism, symbol of well-being
  • Voice hearing

  • you hear a voice no one else hears, experience no one else is having
  • Abraham had spiritual interpretation
  • Freud has psychological interpretation
  • now modern neurological interpretation
  • Human Being: perception
  • Person: conception
  • In western society, “persons” are free, unique, autonomous, rights-bearing individuals

    symbol: partakes of the reality to which it refers; is not a pointer, is a participant

    when worldview starts to not work, only 2 options: innovate or revolt

    What is religion? (operational definition for this class)

  • a concern with an ultimate being, an ultimate relationship or ultimate state of consciousness which enables the practitioner to know what’s real, what’s valuable and how to live life
  • All religions have something to say against selfishness: outside that, not much in common (also about self-restraint)

    Buddhist moral rule: refrain from harm

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