PLS 200-05

NO CLASS FRIDAY, INSTRUCTOR OUT OF TOWN

US Govt structure & function

Executive

    POTUS

  • Commander in chief
  • CEO
  • sign/veto bills
  • Executive budget
  • appointments (amb., cabinet, s.ct., officers)
  • makes treaties
  • addresses nation annually
  • President’s Cabinet (know list)
    Be aware of State Dept/Homeland Sec roles in travel/security warnings for US citizens traveling overseas
    2 major bureaucracies: Executive Office of the President, White House Staff
  • Legislative

  • Bicameral Congress: House, Senate
  • Senate — “high politics:” foreign policy, trade, security
  • House — “low politics:” — public policy, domestic issues
  • lawmaking body, relies on cmte. structure for day-to-day ops
  • cmte chosen by party interest, chairmanships on majority party basis/seniority
  • standing cmte., select cmte., special cmte.
  • all law comes from cmte process, cmte must approve or bill dies
  • bill originating in one must be voted on by the other (equivalent cmte) before being sent to POTUS
  • conference cmte irons out differences between House & Senate
  • all financial matters originate in HoR
  • impeachments must originate in HoR, Senate tries, votes to convict/acquit
  • Senate: President Pro Tempore (unless VP in session, formal Pres. of Sen.)
  • House: Speaker
  • Both have Majority & minority leaders, and whips
  • Filibuster

  • technique — talk a bill to death
  • cloture vote required to end filibuster (60 Sen/60%HoR)
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