*** Handout (hedonism) ***
Socrates’ 3 arguments against hedonism
1. argument from shameful pleasure
- if hedonism were correct, then someone who received a lot of overall pleasure in his life by engaging in shameful activities would be living a very good life
- this life is not a very good life
- therefore hedonism is not correct
- there are different modes of evaluating life
- good story?
- morally good life?
- good according to society?
- good for the person living that life?
- the argument conflates two different senses/modes in the argument
- can we deny the first premise?
- JS Mill develops this response
- (not covered in class)
- if hedonism were correct, then the life of a brave person and the life of a coward who experience the same amt of overall pleasure would be living equally good lives
- but these lives are not equally good lives; the brave person lives a life that is much better for him
- therefore, hedonism is not correct
2. argument from mixed pleasures
3. argument from bravery