PLS 200-05

Conservatism

  • limited role of govt (only what’s necessary)
  • Relationship of indiv. to society
    • Formal relationship with past present & future
    • Society has a “natural order”
    • individual finds value & realizes potential as a member of society
  • Social contract
    • orders society
    • indiv. must respect & obey laws (this contract is a sacred bond in conservatism)
  • Places value upon:
    • heritage
    • status quo
    • tradition
  • change is slow & orderly, incremental
  • (all consistent with classical liberalism)

  • institutions which conservatives value:
    • church
    • family
    • business
  • Man needs:
    • freedom
    • equality
    • the right to live under rule of law
    • freedom of association, thought, belief, etc.
  • views on pvt property:
    • no limits on pvt property, to do so limits individual liberty
    • property is a manifestation of free choice
    • property rights between cons & lib — differences of degree, not of kind

Conservatism offshoots:

  • Social Conservatism
    • liberty must be expressed within limits & institutions of society (see above)
  • Individual Conservatism
    • anti-statist
    • financial focus
    • govt role to enforce law for bus. sake (early 1900’s)
    • Social Darwinism (individuals succeed or fail based upon their own abilities)
    • individual competitiveness
    • pvt prop sacred
    • poverty direct result of laziness/weakness
    • wealth is result of hard work
  • Economic Conservatism
    • free enterprise
    • very limited role of govt
    • govt intervention is always destructive
  • Neoconservatism

    • strong belief in principles (will reject facts when in conflict with belief):
    • “Family Values”
    • resistance to science in favor of faith
    • strong resistance to erotica/porn in public
    • supports govt role in education
    • Manifest Destiny in:
      • foreign policy
      • freedom

    EXAM FRIDAY!

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